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Uzgen is interesting primarily for its rich history. The first settlements on the site of modern Uzgen formed in the I-II centuries BC. The city is located on the banks of the large river Kara-Darya, in the eastern part of the Fergana Valley. Such a good location made this city a very significant center of commerce and culture in ancient times. For a long time, the city played an important role, being the most important trade center between China and Central Asia.
In the 12th century AD, the city became the capital of the Karakhanid Kaganate, which was transferred here from the Balasagun captured by Mongolian tribes, located in the Chui valley and now known as the Burana tower. During this period, the main sights of Uzgen were built – three Uzgen mausoleums and the Uzgen minaret. Then the city was part of the Kokand khanate, right up to the arrival of the Russian Empire in this region, and later the Soviet Union.
Abshir-Ata gorge is primarily known for its 15-meter waterfall, notable for the fact that it flows like a torrent from a small karst cave, located directly in the rock. The waterfall itself and the gorge in which it is located are among the most visited attractions of the Osh region. This place is located 70 kilometers from the city of Osh. This waterfall was considered to be a sacred place because of its unusual nature – there are practically no waterfalls flowing directly from the rocks on the territory of Kyrgyzstan. This is partly justified by the fact that the water of the Abshir-Ata waterfall is mineral and can really help improve health.
It seems quite incredible, but on the shady slope of this seemingly unremarkable mountain, a flower grows that does not grow anywhere else in the world. The name of this flower is Aigul, which in Kyrgyz means “moon flower”. The flower has little in common with the moon, but this name was given to it for a reason: the flower grows only on the shady side of the mountain, as if hiding from the sun. The igul flowers are very beautiful. They are distinguished by a bright orange color of the petals and a rather large size, very atypical for mountain plants. A stranger can easily confuse him with a tulip. A flower blooms only once a year, in April and only for two weeks, and therefore it is very difficult to see a blooming aigul. In height, the average flower reaches 80-90 centimeters, but there are also larger specimens.
The Kan fortress (also the Kudyar Khan fortress) is the ruins of the Kokand fortress, located in the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan, 60 kilometers south of Batken in the mountains of the Turkestan Range.
The Kokand Khanate was a vast state, occupying a territory from the southern spurs of the Fergana Valley to Lake Balkhash in the territory of modern Kazakhstan. For several centuries, the Khanate was the most formidable power of the region, subjugating all the peoples living in this territory. The fortress of Kan, built in the 17th century, dates from the heyday of the Kokand Khanate.
The fortress stretches almost half a kilometer on the slopes of the Turkestan Range. Despite the venerable age of the fortress, its walls are perfectly preserved. To this day you can see numerous loopholes, rooms, shelters, etc., built of sandstone. The fortress is divided into two parts: east and west. And if the eastern was rather an economic building, then the western opposite, personifies all the power of the Kokand khanate. The fortress was practically impregnable for enemies and served primarily for defensive purposes.
Osh region is the heart of southern Kyrgyzstan. This is the place where the high mountain traditional Kyrgyz nomads connect with the colorful culture of the Fergana Valley.
The ancient cities of Osh and Uzgen, whose age is more than 3000 years old, side by side with the ancient and high mountains of the Pamirs and Tien Shan, forming an amazing combination of landscapes and cultures.
Batken Oblast is the most remote region of Kyrgyzstan, located at the foot of the mighty Turkestan Range.
This region is rarely visited by tourists, but believe me, there is something to see!