Perched on the sun-scorched foothills of the Tien Shan, not far from the village of Chon-Tash in the Alamudun district of the Chui oblast of Kyrgyzstan, there was a small but disturbing memorial cemetery, Ata-Beyit, “the cemetery of the fathers”. Here, about twenty kilometers south of Bishkek, the bodies of 137 victims of the mass execution, organized by the authorities of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic in 1938, found their last shelter. The famous Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov, whose father, Torokul, was among those shot in 1938, as well as the bodies of the sixteen victims of the April 2010 revolution, also rests here. As can be inferred from the name of the memorial, Ata-Beyit honors the memory of those who contributed to the construction of the national identity of modern post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan.
Ata-Beyit memorial complex Ata-Beyit memorial complex in the village of Chon-Tash, 30 km from Bishkek, was built on the initiative of the first Kyrgyz president Askar Akayev in 2000, in memory of the victims of the repression of the 30s. The bodies of 137 Kyrgyz citizens of 19 nationalities who were shot without trial during Stalin’s repressions almost all of the color of the Kyrgyz intelligentsia are buried here are the chairmen of the SNK U. Abdrakhmanov and B. Isakeev, the secretary of the Kyrobkoma T. Aitmatov, the people’s commissariat of agriculture E. Esenamanov, the people’s commissar of education K. Tynystanov, and many party leaders. Chon-Tash is the only documented crime scene in Kyrgyzstan against its own people. MK “Ata-Beyit” is a structural unit of the city hall of Bishkek. The memorial complex (total area – 2 hectares) includes: a sculptural composition and a museum, a brick kiln – the place where 137 people were shot and originally buried; monument memorial. The Ata-Beyit Museum (400 square meters in area), which is translated from Kyrgyz as “” The grave of the fathers, documents and photographs of the political development of Kyrgyzstan from the 1920s and 30s, materials about the victims of Chon-Tash burial. The authors of the museum exposition are the researchers of the State Historical Museum A. Israilov, O. Ilinskaya, K. Kimalaev
After her majority she betrayed this secret publicly. The bodies were dropped into a brick-burning kiln in Chon-Tash: Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Jews. Among them are the founders of the Kyrgyz Soviet state, the first people’s commissars
Specialists leading the excavations discovered a space measuring 4×4 meters at a depth of 40 cm, in which there were 137 skeletons of people, and some had personal documents with them. After the exhumation, the bodies were transported to the cemetery “Ata-Beyit” (“Father’s Graveyard”) 100 meters from the excavations.
According to archival data, in the 30s of the 20th century, tens of thousands of people were repressed and shot in Kyrgyzstan. According to official figures, 12.5 million citizens of the USSR became victims of the Stalinist repressions. On August 30, 1991, a state mourning ceremony was held for the reburial of the remains of victims of Stalinist repression found in Chon-Tash. And the next day, on August 31, 1991, the independence of sovereign Kyrgyzstan was proclaimed. On the right side of the museum is a memorial plaque on which the names of the victims are engraved. November 8 is celebrated as the commemoration day of victims of repression of 1937-1938.
The museum of MK “Ata-Beyit” stores personal belongings and archival materials of the repressed.
People’s Commissar of Education K. Tynystanov
In the years of the Great Terror of 1937-1938, over one and a half million people were arrested in the USSR and almost half of them were shot
According to archival data, in the 30s of the 20th century, tens of thousands of people were repressed and shot in Kyrgyzstan.
On June 14, 2008, Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov was buried in the Ata-Beyit historical memorial complex.
On this land, the founders of the Kyrgyz intelligentsia.
Chairs, leaders, leaders, enlightener, patriots … Participation in this tour is a tribute to their work and deeds.